Cognitive behavioral approaches are based on a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive principles, focusing on how we attend, interpret, reason reflect and make sense of internal and external events. The theory acknowledges that some of our behaviors cannot be controlled through rational thought.
Common features of CBT procedures are the focus on the ‘here and now’, a more directive therapist role, and a more structured approach to sessions.
Traditional CBT is "problem focused" and "action oriented"addressing emotions, behaviors and cognitive processes via systematic, goal-oriented procedures. Contemporary or third wave CBT is now very diverse and incorporates a range of approaches including Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), Schema focused CBT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT).
A cognitive behavioural approach (CBA) can also be integrated into the work of therapists from other modalities for more click here.